At the substitution level of the SAMR model, the focus is placed on the enhancement of a lesson using technology. This refers to the implement and use of digital technology as a replacement for an analogue activity. (Hamilton, et al. 2016). This substitute will fulfil the same purpose as the analogue activity and will provide no other functions and improvements to how the activity is performed. An idea of the use of this level of the SAMR model is the use of a digital word processor such as the use of Pages, Google Docs or Microsoft Word as a substitute for writing out notes in a workbook this would be helpful in a science classroom. During lessons, there is a multitude of content to cover, and by using a word processor, students can create media faster and create easily accessible documents for note-taking and reviewing of content (Walsh, 2015). Another way that teachers may use substitution in their lessons is through the use of the Microsoft EXCEL spreadsheeting program. Teachers may use EXCEL when dealing with topics such as fractions; students can use EXCEL to colour in different blocks to represent different fractional values. By doing this, it would allow students to observe the effects of fractions in a digital format that engages a student’s ICT skills while also developing their problem-solving skills and understanding of fractions. A third use of the substitution level may be the administration of quizzes via a digital word processor and have students then fill. In the quiz and resubmit it; an example of how this may be used in a lesson can be viewed below.
Hamilton, E. R., Rosenberg, J. M., & Akcaoglu, M. (2016). The substitution augmentation modification redefinition (SAMR) model: A critical review and suggestions for its use. TechTrends, 60(5), 433-441. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11528-016-0091-y
Walsh, K. (2020, February 4). 8 examples of transforming lessons through the SAMR cycle. Emerging Education Technologies | Engaging Students and Enhancing Learning Outcomes With Instructional Technologies and Active Learning. https://www.emergingedtech.com/2015/04/examples-of-transforming-lessons-through-samr/
Image: Feith, J. (2020, February 6). Substitution [Graphic]. Thephysicaleducator.com. https://thephysicaleducator.com/2020/02/06/the-samr-model-technology-in-physical-education/